by Frank Stevens
Publisher: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. (1916)
Number of pages: 64
Amongst the many rude stone circles scattered over Great Britain, Stonehenge is unique, in the fact of having its sarsen stones carefully though roughly worked; and also in the introduction of the horseshoe within the circles, in the design or plan of the building.
Though there is no definitive evidence of Stonehenge’s intended purpose, it was apparently a religious site and a symbol of the power and wealth of the chieftains, aristocrats, and priests who had it built—many of whom were buried in the numerous barrows close by. It was presumably used for observing the Sun and Moon and calculating the farming calendar because it was aligned with the Sun.